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名词advice的用法与语法

Here are two pieces of advice. 这是两条建议。

1. 表示“建议”“劝告”“忠告”等,是不可数名词,若表示一条或几条建议或劝告,要借用 piece, bit, word 这样的词。如:

Here are two pieces of advice. 这是两条建议。

Let me give you a bit of advice. 让我给你一点忠告吧。

There was nobody to tell him, to hint him, to give him at least a word of advice. 没有人告诉他,或暗示他,或起码给他一句忠言。

2. 表示按照某人的意见做某事,一般要用介词 on by。如:

We did the work by her advice. 我们按她的意见做此工作。

Claire went to Paris on Sarah’s advice. 克莱尔听取萨拉的忠告去了巴黎。

3. 表示提出建议或忠告,一般用动词 give;表示向某人请教或征求意见,一般用动词 ask (for);表示接受意见或劝告,一般用动词take, follow, accept 等。如:

The old often give good advice to the young. 老年人常常对年轻人提出金玉良言。

You should ask for the teacher’s advice. /You should ask the teacher for advice. 你应该去征求老师的意见。

If we had followed his advice, we could have done the job better with less money and fewer people. 要是听取了他的意见,我们不仅可以节省人力、物力,而且还会把工作做得更好。

4. 表示对某人的忠告,其后通常接介词to。如:

My advice to you would be to wait. 我劝你等着。

Advice to investors was based on the premise that interest rates would continue to fall. 给予投资者的建议是以利率将继续下降这一点为前提的。

5. 表示关于某事的忠告,其后通常接介词abouton。如:

He asked me for my advice on what he should do. 他征求我的意见该做些什么。

You will need to seek professional advice about your claim for compensation. 你在索赔的问题上需要内行人士作指导。

6. 表示忠告做某事,其后通常接。如:

We took his advice to remain silent. 我们接受了他的忠告,保持沉默。

若表示某人的建议是做某事,其后通常接不定式作表语。如:

My advice is to give yourself up to the police. 我的建议是你去自首。

7. 其后若出现 that 从句,通常用“should+动词原形”这样的。如:

My advice is that he (should) give up smoking. 我建议他戒烟。

Our advice is that the company (should) invest in new equipment. 我们的意见是公司应在新设备上进行投资。

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/2966.html

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