1. 英语学习首页
  2. 英语语法
  3. 名词用法

习惯上后接to do sth和for [of] doing sth的名词

表示做某事的能力,capacity后可接 to do sth, for doing sth, of doing sth。如:

1. capacity 能力才能

表示做某事的能力capacity后可接 to do sth, for doing sth, of doing sth。如:

Her capacity to remember facts is remarkable. 她的记忆力很惊人。

He has a great capacity for enjoying himself. 他很会想办法自得其乐。

The boy shows a great capacity to learn [of learning, for learning] languages. 这孩子显露出学习语言的卓越能力。

2. means 方式,方法,手段;财力,金钱

(1) 表示做某事的方法,means后通常接of doing sth。如:

We had no means of warning them. 我们没有办法警告他们。

There is no means of finding out what happened. 无法弄清发生了什么事情。

Can you devise a means of overcoming the problem? 你能想出法子来解决这个难题吗?

有时也可后接不定式,但不如后接of doing sth常见。如:

My English teacher provided me with the means to enjoy reading poetry. 我的英语老师告诉了我欣赏诗歌的方法。

另外,有时也可后接 for doing sth,也不如用of doing sth 常见。如:

It’s an effective means for finding qualified job applicants. 这是寻找合适求职者的有效方法。

(2) 表示做某事的财力,其后通常接不定式,且尤其见于have the means to do sth这一结构。如:

He doesn’t have the means to support a wife and child. 他没有钱养活妻子和孩子。

Small businesses don’t have the means to develop a sophisticated Internet presence. 小企业通常没有财力投资建设复杂的因特网平台。

3. responsibility

(1) 表示做某事的责任或负责做某事,其后通常接of [for] doing sth,而不接不定式。如:

Mr Smith will take the responsibility of [for] doing the experiment. 史密斯先生将负责做这个实验。

She is charged with the responsibility of [for] receiving callers and answering letters. 她被安排负责接待来访者和回信。

(2) 但是,在have [feel] a responsibility结构后可以接不定式。如:

Every citizen has a responsibility to vote. 每个公民都有投票选举的责任。

They have a responsibility to discover which wives have walked out on their husbands. 他们有责任找出哪些妻子抛弃了丈夫。

注:类似下面这样的句子,responsibility后面的不定式不是定语,而是句子主语:

To my mind it’s the government’s responsibility to help these people. 依我看帮助这些人是政府的责任。   

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/3213.html

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