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指示代词this与that的前指与后指

1. 如果是前指(即回指前文提到的事情),可用that或this。如:

关于指示代词thisthat的前指与后指,请注意以下两点:

1. 如果是前指(即回指前文提到的事情),可用thatthis。如:

She married Jim, and this [that] surprised me. 她嫁给了吉姆,这使我感到很吃惊。

John had a bad cold. That [This] was why he didn’t turn up. 约翰患了重感冒,这()就是他没有来的原因。

The kids would answer back and that [this] drove her crazy. 孩子们会顶嘴,把她逼疯。

We laughed and that [this] helped ease the tension. 我们笑了,因而使紧张的情绪缓和下来。

They offered me free accommodation for a year, and that [this] decided me. 他们愿意免费为我提供一年的住宿,这就使我下定了决心。

It was always said of the Princess that she had the common touch and that [this] was why she was so well loved by the people. 人人都说王妃平易近人,也正是因为这一点她才会如此深受民众的爱戴。

注:回指上文的 that 在译成汉语时,通常也译为。如:

That’s where you are wrong. 这就是你不对的地方。

2. 如果是后指(即指后文叙述的事情),则通常只用 this。如:

I want to know this: is he healthy? 我想知道这一点:他是否很健康。

Answer me this: how did they know we were here? 回答我这个问题:他们怎么知道我们在这儿?

The challenge for American leadership is this: Can we put our economic house in order? 美国领导层面临的挑战是:我们能否处理好自己的经济问题?

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/3577.html

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