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关系代词which有何用法

She was not on the train which arrived just now. 她不在刚才到达的那列火车上。(which在定语从句中用作主语)

关系代词which在定语从句中通常只用于指事物,不用于指人。它在句子中主要用作主语或宾语。如:

She was not on the train which arrived just now. 她不在刚才到达的那列火车上。(which在定语从句中用作主语)

I’ve found the car keys which you were looking for. 你要找的汽车钥匙我找着了。(which在定语从句中用作宾语)

关系代词which有时还可在定语从句中用作定语。如:

He advised me to hide behind the door,  I took at once. 他劝我躲在门后,我立即照他的话做了。

注意,关系代词which原则上只指物,不指人。但是,有时指的不是具体的某人,而是指某人的职业、身份、地位、职务、品质、特征等,此时要用which 而不用who。如:

He talked like a scholar, which he was not. 他说起话来像个学者,其实他没什么学问。

She talked like a native, which she hardly was. 她说起话来像是个本地人,其实她不见得是。

They accused him of being a traitor, which he was. 他们指控他是叛徒,他真是叛徒。 

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/3696.html

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