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连接代词的用法归纳

连接代词主要包括who, whom, what, which, whose, whoever, whatever, whichever, whosever 等,它们在句中可用作主语、宾语、表语、定语等,可以引导主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句:

一、连接代词的用法

连接代词主要包括who, whom, what, which, whose, whoever, whatever, whichever, whosever 等,它们在句中可用作主语、宾语、表语、定语等,可以引导主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句:

I don’t know who he is. 我不知道他是谁。

What he says sounds reasonable. 他说的话听起来很有道理。

The question is who(m) we should trust. 问题是我们该信任谁。

I’ll take whoever wants to go. 谁想去我就带谁去。

Take whichever seat you like? 你喜欢坐哪个座位就坐哪个?

I will just say whatever comes into my mind. 我想到什么就说什么。

【说明】who, whom, whoever 等不用于名词前作定语。

 

二、what 的两种用法

请看以下两个句子:

I didn’t know what he wanted. 我不知道他想要什么。

I gave her what she wanted. 我给了她想要的一切。

上面第一句中的 what 表示什么,带有疑问的意味;第二句中的 what 表示的一切事或东西,其意义上大致相当于 that (those) which, the thing (things) that, anything that, all that, as much as等,又如:

What [=That which] you say is quite true. 你说的完全是事实。

He saves what [= all that] he earns. 他赚多少,积蓄多少。

Call it what [= anything that]you please. 你喜欢叫它什么就叫它什么。

这样用的 what 有时还可后接一个名词:

He gave me what money [= all the money that] he had about him. 他把身边带有的钱全给了我。

What friends [=All the friends that] he has are out of the country. 他所有的朋友都在国外。

 

三、whatever, whoever, whichever用法说明

主要用于引导主语从句和宾语从句:

He does whatever she asks him to do. 她要他做什么,他就做什么。

Whoever breaks the rules will be punished. 谁违反这些规则都将受到处罚。

I’ll give the ticket to whoever wants it. 请想要这票,我就把它给谁。

Whichever team gains the most points wins. 哪个队得分最多,哪个队就赢。

【说明】其中的 ever 主要用于加强语气,含有一切任何无论之义。使用这类词时,注意不要按汉语习惯用错句子结构:

任何人()先来都可以得到一张票。

误:Anyone comes first can get a ticket. / Who comes first can get a ticket.

正:Anyone who comes first can get a ticket./ Whoever comes first can get a ticket.

 

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/3759.html

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