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be 动词的过去时

be过去时的句型如下:


肯定句:主语+be动词的过去式(was,were)~.
:主语+be动词的过去式(was,were)+not~.
:be 动词的过去式(Was,Were)+主语~?


He was busy yesterday.(肯定句)

他昨天很忙。

He was not busy yesterday.(否定句)

他昨天不忙。

Was he busy yesterday?(疑问句)

他昨天忙吗?

1) be 动词过去时的肯定句

Mike was in the United States last year.

迈克去年在美国。

比较be动词的现在式和过去式:

主语 时态 现在时 过去时
I (第一人称单数) am was
He,She,It(第三人称单数) is
You(第三人称单、复数) are were

I was very tired last night.

我昨天晚上很累。

You were absent from school two days ago.

两天前你没到校(缺席)。

There were some books there.

那儿曾经有一些书。


注意

There is(are)的句型用于一般过去时需把is,are变为它们的过去式:There was (were)….

2) be动词过去时的否定句

He was not in Canada last year.

他去年不在加拿大。

be动词过去时的否定句的结构和现在时一样,只要在be动词过去式(was,were)后面加上not就可以了。否定式的was not,were not大多使用缩写形式wasn’t(读作>&LQC)和weren’t(读作V+:QC)

I wasn’t busy the other day.

前几天我不忙。

There weren’t any boys in the room.

教室里一个男孩儿也没有。


3 be
动词过去时的疑问句(一般疑问句和特殊疑问句)

Was it raining in Beijing yesterday?

No,it wasn’ t. It was cloudy.

昨天北京下雨了吗?不,没下雨。昨天北京阴天。

Where were you yesterday morning?I was at school.

你昨天上午去哪儿了?我在学校。

be动词过去时一般疑问句的结构和一样,只要把be动词的过去式was,were调到主语前面即可。Was(Were)+ 主语~?回答时,需用yes,was(were)。或No,…wasn’t(weren’t)。


注意

以疑问词开始的特殊疑问句,回答时,不能用Yes,No直接回答所问的问题即可。

Was your father free this morning?

今天上午你爸爸有空吗?

Yes,he was.是的,他有空。

No, he wasn’t.不,他没空。

Was there any water in the bottle?

瓶子里有过水吗?

Yes,there was.是的,曾经有过。

No,there wasn’t 不,没有过。


比较

be动词的现在时和过去时句型,以he为主语:

句型 时态 一般现在时 一般过去时
肯定句 He is ~. He was ~.
否定句 He isn’t ~. He wasn’t~.
一般疑问句 Is he ~? Was he ~?
特殊疑问句 疑问句+Is he ~? 疑问词+Was he ~?

   

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/4141.html

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