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动词 appear用法与语法

雨后天空出现彩虹。

1. appear表示“出现”“露面”“到达”等,是不及物动词,因此既不能后接宾语,也不能用于被动语态。如:

雨后天空出现彩虹。

正:A rainbow appeared in the sky after the rain.

误:A rainbow was appeared in the sky after the rain.

2. appear表示“似乎”“好像”,是连系动词,其后可接形容词、名词、不定式等作表语。如:

He appears (to be) quite rich 他似乎相当富有。

He appears to be living in the area. 他似乎就住在这一带。

It appears a true story. 它似乎是一个真实的故事。

3. appear it appears 后可接 that 从句或 as if 从句。如:

It appears that he forgot to sign the letter. 他似乎忘记在信上署名了。

It appears as if she’s lost interest in her job. 看来她对自己的工作已失去兴趣。

后接 that 从句时,有时可用 so, not 代之。如:

AAre they reliable? 他们可靠吗?

BIt appears so (not). 似乎是可靠的(不可靠)。

4. appear有时可与there be句式搭配使用。如:

There appears to have been an accident. 好像出了事故。

There appears to be a problem with the oil pressure. 看来是油压出了问题。

5. appear比较以下同义句型:

He appears to have been waiting a long time.= It appears that he has been waiting a long time. 看来他已经等了很久了。

There appears to have been a mistake.= It appears that there has been a mistake. 看来一直就有错。

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/4410.html

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