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introduce表示“介绍”时的用法

1. introduce表示“介绍”时的意思是to tell two or more people who have not met before what each others’ names are(告诉两个或多个原来未曾见面的人他们彼此的名字),或者是to tell the audience the name of the person who is going to speak or perform(告诉观众讲演者或演员的名字),也就是说,introduce表示“介绍”时,主要用于介绍两个不认识的互相认识,或是向听众或观众宣布并介绍演讲者或广播、节目等的细节。如:


 

1. introduce表示“介绍”时的意思是to tell two or more people who have not met before what each others’ names are告诉两个或多个原来未曾见面的人他们彼此的名字),或者是to tell the audience the name of the person who is going to speak or perform(告诉观众讲演者或演员的名字),也就是说,introduce表示“介绍”时,主要用于介绍两个不认识的互相认识,或是向听众或观众宣布并介绍演讲者或广播、节目等的细节。如:

Allow me to introduce my wife. 让我介绍一下,这是我太太。

It is my pleasure to introduce tonight’s speaker. 我很荣幸来介绍今晚的演讲者。

2. 有时汉语中说“介绍”,其实是指“推荐”,此时应用recommend,而不能用introduce。如:

Can you recommend me a good novel? 你给我介绍一本好的小说行吗?

Jamie sought out all inexpensive boardinghouse recommended to him by a sailor aboard ship. 杰米找到了一个便宜的供膳宿舍,那是船上一名水手向他介绍的。

3. 经常听到有的人在表示“介绍情况”“介绍某学校”“介绍某国家”“介绍某机构”等场合使用introduce,其实也是对introduce的误用。如:

班上的同学互相介绍自己的国家。

误:The students in the class introduced their own countries to each other.

正:The students in the class told each other about their own countries.

现在我们的美国朋友要向大家介绍她自己的研究情况。

误:Our friend from America will now introduce her research to us.

正:Our friend from America will now tell us about her research.

莎士比亚的戏剧向我们介绍了当时生活的许多情况。

误:Shakespeare’s plays introduce to us a lot about contemporary life.

正:Shakespeare’s plays tell us a lot about contemporary life.

会计向营业部的职员介绍了自己的工作情况。

误:The accountant introduced his work to the sales staff.

正:The accountant described his work to the sales staff.

在今天晚上的节目中我们重点介绍德国。

误:In tonight’s programme our focus is to introduce Germany.

正:In tonight’s programme our focus is on Germany.

4. 其后习惯上不带双宾语,要表示把某人介绍给另一人,可用introduceto这样的结构。如:

让我把我的朋友介绍给你。

Let me introduce my friend to you.

误:Let me introduce you my friend.

汉语中说“作自我介绍”,英语用 introduce oneself。如:

Permit me to introduce myself. 请允许我介绍自己。

 

原创文章,作者:李熙,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.mimimao.net/4575.html

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